When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.
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The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states: Even better, a firm opinion based on a personal prejudice that matches one’s own. The use of exophoric reference requires some shared knowledge between two speakers, or between writer and reader s. I found it interesting that Swan provided a possible explanation for my intuitive slight preference for this in OP’s context.
ANAPHORIC VS. CATAPHORIC REFERENCES
The book refers to Moby Dick. It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thishowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness. Does Swann say why it is to be preferred? Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Either word is possible, but this is better.
Inside it was the key to his future. Some people dug tunnels; 2 others tried crashing through checkpoints with cars, trucks, or busses; 3 still others flew out in small airplanes or balloons.
Language Description: Anaphoric and Cataphoric References
Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states:.
This is preferred when there is more to say about the new subject of discussion: Anaphoric reference often makes use of the definite article thebecause one of the functions of the definite article is to indicate that something has already been mentioned. Helmar 4, 7 23 Is it ‘this’ or ‘that’ that conveys anaphorci anaphoric reference? Thus if we follow Swan, this is to be preferred to that in the context of the OP’s sentence.
The OP and other viewers will presumably decide if my answer is helpful or not. Sign up using Email and Password. The page is dedicated to publish any information about grammatical english and some exercises with its translating. So, in the context I have assumed for the OP I would use this.
Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words. Here are some examples of exophoric reference: Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: My answer offers an extract from the current gold standard in reference grammars CGEL and a very good prescriptive grammar for English language learners Swan.
It also refers to something that both speakers know about perhaps the dinner. And one family sewed fake Russian uniforms for 4 themselves ; then, they pretended to be Russian soldiers and simply drove through a checkpoint.
I have also attempted to justify my slight personal preference for this in the context in which I assume the OP will be using the sentence.
Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words. We expect that this blog will be useful for the community on-line. Shoe 25k 4 36 refernece I want to refer back to “that I wrote critical and analytical essays”. Sounds like Swann alone.
It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thathowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness.
Michael went to the bank. One woman tied herself to the bottom of a car and passed through a checkpoint unnoticed. If there is another standard reference with unquestioned facts about this particular usage it would be useful to know what it is.