Anthracosis is black pigment discoloration of bronchi which can cause bronchial destruction and deformity (anthracofibro- sis). A prospective, case-control study. Comert et al., J Pulmonar Respirat Med , bronchoscopical findings of patients with bronchial anthracosis. Methods: Among I read the manuscript “Bronchial Anthracosis-Anthracofibrosis: Potential patients with anthracosis were included. J Pulmonar Respirat Med ; 2: 2.

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Comparison of Cases with or without Active Tuberculosis. In some cases anthracosis may be associated with mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pulmonary anthracosis in children. Anthracofibrosis attributed to mixed mineral dust exposure: Smoke Biomass smoke has been mostly reported as a risk factor for anthracosis in Asian countries such pumlonar Korea 8India 25Antacosis 26 and Turkey This pigment is mainly composed of carbonaceous material and may originate from cigarette smoke or other smoked drugs, such as crack cocaineatmospheric pollution, residential exposure to wood or biomass smoke or occupational exposure to carbon-containing dusts, such as diesel exhaust, soot, fly ash, carbon black, graphite and coal.

For example, he wrote, “Following the Upper Big Branch mine disaster, we learned that 17 of the 24 victims had black lung, and that, of the seven who did not show signs of the disease, four had anthracosisa lung condition that can be linked to black lung disease. Obstructive lung disease in spirometry with lymph node or bronchial calcification high attenuationespecially in subjects who also show mass lesion or atelectasis strongly makes the diagnosis of anthracosis more likely.


The PPD results were divided to 3 groups according to WHO ; Less than 5 mm was labeled as negative, between 5 and 9 mm as suspicious, and 10 mm or more as positive. Mirsadraee M, Saeedi P.

Anthracosis – Wikipedia

While this may be true in many instances, the use pulnonar anthracosilicosis to indicate coal worker’s pneumoconiosis is probably not entirely appropriate, because the pathology of coal workers pneumoconiosis is different from that of silicosis. Later on, Wynn et al.

Bronchoscopic, radiologic and pulmonary function evaluation of endobronchial tuberculosis. Effect of corticosteroids on deterioration of endobronchial tuberculosis during chemotherapy. Zahra Mercedes Gonzalez for precise English editing of this article. Also called black lung diseasecoal worker’s pneumoconiosisminer’s pneumoconiosis. Jung et al Anthracosis involvement mainly starts from the respiratory bronchioles 44 Bronchial anthracosis and pulmonary mica overload.

In bronchoscopic view; dark lesions in normal or pathologic bronchial background are visible and the bronchi are highly fragile. Final diagnosis can be made by bronchoscopy when obtaining samples for tuberculosis TBwhich is the most common disease associated with BAF.

Indoor smoke exposure and risk of anthracosis. Acknowledgment The author wishes to thank Mrs. Please review our privacy policy.

Bronchial Anthracosis: A Potent Clue for Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

The clinical investigation for determining the etiology of bronchial anthracofibrosis. The structural and elemental composition of inhaled particles in ancient Egyptian mummified lungs.

Generally, BAF subjects could be classified under obstructive lung disease, but some of them have shown normal or restrictive patterns Table 3. Sigari et al These findings are completely distinct from the histopathological findings of COPD as the most important clinical differential diagnosis of BAF.


Histopathology of BAF, A Anthracotic nodule in cytoplasm of macrophages; B Collagen deposition in bronchial biopsy of a patient who suffered from anthracofibrosis. Therefore, anthracosis and BAF should be considered in the list of differential diagnoses of obstructive lung disease.

It is also possible that anthracotic patients are more prone antravosis TB than TB causing anthracosis.

Seven patients were diagnosed with anthracosis and 15 patients who developed radiological improvement in the follow-up antracoosis diagnosed with pneumonia. Anthracosis in the esophagus is important as it mimics the picture of malignant melanoma Relationship between anthracosis and pulmonary tuberculosis in patients examined through bronchoscopy.

The presenting signs and symptoms of the patients are shown in Table 1. Pulmonary function tests usually show an obstructive pattern with no response to bronchodilators and normal DLCO, but some cases with restrictive pattern have also been seen. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing anthracosis. Many of these cases were also reported in association with tuberculosis 49 Anthracosis definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionary https: In addition to black lesions, bronchial swelling with infiltration, erythema Figure 1C and thickening that may cause obliteration of bronchi may be seen Please review our privacy policy.

Anthracosis is an antracsois disease discovered in mummies 2 — 4.

Tuberculous bronchostenosis presenting as anthracofibrosis. Pathology of pulmonary disease.