Aonla Plants Cultivation in India: it’s Origin, Area of Production, Climate and Soil, Cultivars, Harvesting and Marketing! Family: Euphorbiaceae. Aonla or amla or. Soils with red,black with wide range of pH can very well accomodate to planting,the fields should be deeply ploughed,harrowed. Besides fruits, leaves, bark, and even seeds are being used for various purposes. The total area under Aonla in Andhra Pradesh is about 4,

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Male flowers are produced first at the bottom and later female flowers at the tips of these branches. However, in initial 3 to 4 years sufficient space is available which could be, advantageously used for raising intercrops. The above fertilizers should be given in two split doses to mature,bearing tree,once during September-October and gain during April-May.

It can tolerate mild frost of Northern India, but can be damaged by severe frost. During first three years, intercrops such as groundnut, horse gram, pulses and other leguminous crops or medicinal and aromatic crops can be grown.

It grows well from tropical parts to higher hills and areas with severe winter, free from frost where it grows as a deciduous tree.

Cultivation of Aonla

K should be given to one year old plants. The mature plants can tolerate freezing temperatures as well as a high temperatures up to 46 degree Centigrade. Green manuring should be carried out in alkaline soils to improve organic matter of soil. Cultivationn is one of the most important fruit crops of India.


Average fruit yield is kg per grafted tree. Under sub-tropical conditions, tree is deciduous fultivation nature. Grafts or buddings of Aonla are best planted in the beginning of rnonsoon in the months of June to July.

Aonla Plants: Aonla Plants Cultivation in India

The seeds attain full maturity by February for which they should be sown in the last week also for getting the higher percentage of germination. It refers to management of soil in such a way that productivity is maintained and soil losses are minimum. Aonla is the richest source of vitamin C among fruits. For this legumes and vegetables crops can be taken as an intercrop.

Aonla Plants: Aonla Plants Cultivation in India

Fruit are large in size, light yellow at full maturity. India ranks first in the world in area and production of this crop.

Component Proposed Expenditure 1. The break even point will be reached in the 3 rd year. It can tolerate drought condition for long time.

The fruit colour yellowish with red-blush.

Predominantly small fruited seedling, Banarasi, Francis Hathijool and Chakaiya were grown. In Punjab it is being grown on hectares only.

It is very useful as a foliar spra Irrigation is not provided during the flowering period i.

The budded plants should be planted in field during August or in January-February at a distance of m apart on square system of planting. Vermiwash is the liquid bio-fertilizer collected after the passage of water through a column of worms.

The seedling or vegetative saplings of Aonla require clean weeding, soil working for about two years for successful establishment and fast growth.


Aonla plants bear heavy crop hence may be applied following doses of fertilizers and manure every year. Aonla rust can be controlled by spraying blue copper 3 gm per litre of water or combination of Carbendazim and Cuptivation readilly available in the market in the ratio of 2gm per litre of water. Inter crops like green gram, black gram, cow pea and horse gram can be grown upto 8 years. Aonla is said to be indigenous to tropical Soutti-Eastern Asia. Fruits are smaller than Banarsi but are cultvation.

There would be three sources of financing the project as below: It contains more than mg of ascorbic acid per grams of pulp. The average weight of the fruit is g and 1 kg contains about fruits. The term loan will be repaid in 11 equated 6 monthly installments with a moratorium of 72 months.

On the basis of costs and returns of the model, the pay back period is estimated at 6. Fruits are medium to large size, round with little warty skins weighing about 40g. No irrigation is required during rainy and winter season. Phyllemblin,obtained from the fruit pulp has been found to have a mild depressant action on central nervous system.

Each pit should be filled with surface soil mixed with 15 kg FYM and 0. Male flowers appear in clusters in leaf axils and female on the upper end of few branchlets. Cost of planting material.