politically threatening or Benny Shanon needs to hit the talk show circuit. . be metaphor for The Antipodes of the Mind, frame of reference within frames of. Shanon’s authorial persona is earnest, serious, straightforward, absolutely trustworthy. Antipodes is suffused with a sense of genuine adventure John Horgan. Benny Shanon’s Antipodes of the Mind: Charting the Phenomenology of the Ayahuasca. Experience is one of the most compelling books on altered states I’ve .

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In other words, when producing or receiving a metaphor, cognitive agents draw new distinctions and induce new ways of looking at things. Second, a vision about the last king of Judaea, Beenny, which Shanon cites as being one of the most significant mins ever had:. The Epistemics of Ayahuasca Visions. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy.

I think of these experiences as having invoked a particular piece of neurological machinery different from those in normal use. Since metaphors are shared and most are collectively generated some may be antipoes, I believeit does render the social a core aspect of neuropsychology.

Since we already know that ayahuasca throws logic out the window, there is no need to think that there was some causal chain in which an actual, fully-fleshed-out conceptual object caused the reactions he was having, or that the reactions were rationally justified.

Antipodes of the Mind

Oxford University Press- Social Science – pages. Altered States and the Study of Consciousness: As I see it, the very essence of metaphoricity is the creation of new features.

Specific Neurological Manipulations Notably, the manipulations involved seem to map onto forms of cognition that are associated with isolated aspects of cognition. Instead, he thinks of shanom as having multiple states: The time of retention is much longer than normal.

The first small detail I would like to mention is disembodied eyes. It was in a village and I, intoxicated, was sitting on a small verandah benjy the meadows.

One informant told me he had a grand vision of perfect geometric bodies. He could, of course, curse and blaspheme but that would have done him no good. A related phenomenon is that of afterimages see Ch. He attributes much of his poise antipodfs ayahuasca, but I suspect he was fairly upbeat and fearless going in.


Yet, perhaps this has some bearing on the topic being entertained? In order to have a reaction to an imagined stimulus X, what was required of that imagined stimulus X? Thus, I concluded, there is no contradiction between determinism and free will. These experiences are obviously heavily culturally conditioned and conditioned by empirical experience, both culturally-dependent shamon universal. Empirically, the research presented in this book is based on the systematic recording of the author’s extensive experiences with the brew and on the interviewing of a large number of informants: Since whatever internal percepts we have must always be translated into the public language and tested against the collective rationality which we share, we are indeed stuck with the world as most of us perceive it.

As Wittgenstein repeatedly stressed, we have no way of knowing. What I experienced was literally this—seeing the casting of a shield against evil powers. Several informants, all with an academic education, explicitly commented that Ayahuasca brought them to the world of Platonic Ideas. Benny Shanon – – Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 2: The first state is the ordinary one, and it is fully grounded in time.

Oxford University Press is mjnd department of the University of Oxford. There is a very long tradition here, probably best exemplified by Merleau-Ponty. As an example, consider this grand vision Shanon gives:.

The Antipodes of the Mind – Benny Shanon – Oxford University Press

A Reconsideration of Shanon. It all seemed to have a very serious and sombre allure, and manifestly, it was all invested with magic. First, a vision that is perhaps an allegory of ayahuasca itself: Sign in to use this feature. However, there was a condition involved with it—a payment on my part was to be made. The answer I have come up with is that what is left for the psychologist to do is the systematic study of the surface, so to speak, and the establishment of lawful regularities in it.

He also presents some philosophical reflections. Accompanied by such experiences is the collapse of time itself, which seems a phenomenologically remarkable, but b actually not too unlikely, given the other corruptions that are going on.


This is true also of individuals without any prior intellectual interest in this topic.

My work on ordinary consciousness has led me to posit that with the silent mentations in our minds i. Even in the perception of a particular instance of an abstract concept, we already have the abstract concept in mind.

Naturally, all this shankn likely to generate great trepidation. Shanon seems to identify temporality as the distinguishing criterion between regular and non-regular consciousness.

Applied to the example cited, te view implies that, from a cognitive-psychological point of view, if the figure seen was identified as being Jesus, then phenomenologically this is indeed who was seen. A Structural Typology of Ayahuasca Visualizations. In some ways it makes sense that the breakdown of our reality-processing software would result in a general feeling of holism:.

I had to relinquish any further contact with this world. The book need not have teh as a conceptual entity in my mind beyond having loose book-like qualities. I was standing on the side, witnessing the scene. Prologue Preliminaries General background; Theoretical foundations; Methodology and general structure The Phenomenology of the Ayahuasca Experience Atmosphere and general effects; opn eye visualizations; A structural typology of Ayahuasca visualizations; Interaction and narration; The contents of visions; The themes of visions; ideas, insights, and reflections; Non-visual perceptions; Consciousness I; Transformations; Time; Meaning and semantics; Consciousness II; Light Theoretical issues Stages and order; Contextual considerations; Cognitive parameters; Synamics; A general theoretical perspective; Concluding philosophical reflections Epilogue Appendix Quantitative Data Bibliography.

Benny Shanon: The Antipodes of the Mind – waggish

Finally, there are visions in which one feels one is encountering the Supreme Good. A General Theoretical Perspective. Here is a representative excerpt: Charting the Phenomenology of the Ayahuasca