The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving to the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones conclict the island.

It generally refers to conflicts described by eddward researchers as protracted or intractablei. Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and to be inclusive of all essential details.

To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed over individual group identity.

These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility with sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the frustration of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice. Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties.

Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence. Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: JavaScript is disabled for your browser. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This element, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups. After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is conflic.

This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments in areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability. Before the independence of Cyprusthe island’s Greek and Turkish communities coexisted relatively protracte.


The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the protractwd legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups.

Protracted social conflict

The ARIA model is a comprehensive, yet specific approach to resolving protracted social conflict. Among the Sinhalese, the anti-Tamil chauvinism started to spread and the Tamils were more and more disadvantaged and excluded. Conflict resolution approaches that focus on resources, or the interests of parties, may be appropriate means of conflict resolution in conflicts where the only issues are those of resource and interests; however, in protracted social conflicts the main issue is identity-based.

That led the two communities to embark on a hostile and protracted process of separation and segregation. The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate. Identifying the root causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country.

By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that the mutual benefits of ending the conflict can be realized.

Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify. In the Ceasefire agreement was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all paramilitary groups proracted the north and east.

The structure of the government needs to be changed so that all citizens are equally cared for and equally represented without bias or corruption. The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils.

The researcher used the qualitative research approach, through which he was able to find the different facts, opinions, attitudes, and experiences about Rwanda conflicts from different informants in Rwanda through interviews and focus groups discussions.


He terms this approach the ARIA model. The major conflict began with the independence inwhen Greek community wanted a union enosis with Greece, to which the Turkish community opposed. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The relevance of Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict in the context of Rwanda

Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements. Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.

When a group’s identity is threatened or frustrated, intractable conflict is almost inevitable.

Retrieved from ” https: To overcome the dominance of the international economy, the country in question must work to build institutions that can ease global dependency and stimulate domestic economic growth. Journal conrlict Peace Research 38 3— Views Read Edit View history.

However, it remains a challenge for conflict analysts and peace builders to arrive at an accurate assessment of the actual causes of the conflict for successful resolution and this provokes further analysis of the Rwanda conflict.

Therefore, this research work is a potential significant contribution to the building of meaningful and sustainable peace in Rwanda. The identity needs of all sides are brought to the forefront with the goal of getting “the disputants to move from positional bargaining to interest-based approaches.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

Groups that seek to satisfy their identity and security needs through conflict are in effect seeking change in the structure of their society. It attempts to break down “the barrier of identity through a four-phased process. Olson, “From Interest to Identities: