The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is “the most remarkable, and in many respects the most valuable collection of Elizabethan keyboard music,”. Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, also called (erroneously) Queen Elizabeth’s Virginal Book, an early 17th-century English manuscript collection of pieces for. In Vol.1 of this series, the tireless Pieter-Jan Belder gave us vivid and vivacious performances of 35 of these nearly pieces–a very welcome set (Fitzwilliam.

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If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Internet URLs are the best. Generally the more moderately paced and sustained pieces are performed on the organ.

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Based on Burney’s misidentification, not only has it been wrongly assumed that all the music was intended to be played on the type of instrument that we nowadays know as the virginals, but the composers and their pieces have been taken as representative of the royal taste and technique, and the whole volume as portraying ‘music in the Golden Age’; all these assumptions are very far from the truth.

XC and in the Act 3 courtroom scene No. There are separate pieces actually, Of unknown origins, the previously scarce collector’s item is now available at popular prices for the first time. Product Description Product Details The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is “the most remarkable, and in many respects the most valuable collection of Elizabethan keyboard music,” according to Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians.

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Wikipedia article Fitzwilliam Museum.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Barclay Squire proposed that the original manuscript had been copied by the younger Francis Tregian ? The period of this music was one of transition from the older principles and systems of notation to modern theories.


It takes its name from Viscount Fitzwilliam who bequeathed this manuscript collection to Cambridge University in Richard Strauss used several selections from the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book in his opera, Die schweigsame Frauand cited them accordingly at their appearances in the work. As with many keyboard manuscripts of the time, the pieces were not written for a specific instrument, and most sound happily on all contemporary keyboard instruments, including virginalsharpsichordclavichord and chamber organ.

It seems certain that the collection was the product of scholarly care and the love of music intended to record and collate popular and well-written music for the virginal. Although the word virginals or virginal the plural form does not necessarily denote more than one instrument is used today to refer to a specific instrument similar to a small, portable harpsichordat the time of the book the word was used to denote virtually any keyboard instrument including the organ.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4. Most of the pieces in the book are short, and many of them are character pieces with droll and memorable titles, including: This speculation has since been discounted in several respects, from the duration ffitzwilliam his stay in prison to the reason for his confinement there debt, rather than religious beliefs.

Fitzwilliam Virginal Book Various This page is only for complete editions and multiple selections from the collection here.

Fuller Maitland and W. Tirsi, di Luca Marenzio. The book eventually found its way, via the library of Pepusch, into the hand of Richard, Viscount Fitzwilliam, and thus to the Museum that bears his name in Cambridge. As with many fitzailliam manuscripts of the time, the pieces were not written for a specific instrument at least, none is mentionedand most sound happily on all contemporary keyboard instruments, from the virginals through to chamber organs.

Introductory notes also in German. From the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book. It is now deposited in the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge.

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Fitzwilliam Virginal Book (Various)

Many of these were clearly corrupt and several stages removed from the composer’s original autograph; Bull and Philips suffer particularly in this respect.

There was a problem with your submission. This, then, is a most important document for musicologists and others interested in the history of music.

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Music and Letters Allman From the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book.

Fitzwilliam Virginal Book | music collection |

It was given no title by its copyist and the ownership of the manuscript before the eighteenth century is unclear. A legend and an alternative view. Javascript is required for this feature. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4. The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is a primary source of keyboard music from the late Elizabethan and early Jacobean periods in England, i.

Until Parthenia was printed in aboutthere was no music published as such in England at this time, and like the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, most of the collections of keyboard music were compiled by performers: Bull was educated as a chorister of the Chapel Royal in London. A microfilm facsimile of the manuscript is included in The music collections of the Cambridge libraries Woodbridge, Conn.

John BullEnglish composer of outstanding technical ability and a keyboard virtuoso. For arrangements, new editions, etc. Performer Pages Shuwen Zhang Piano. It includes music dating from approximately to by John Bull, Giles Farnaby 51 of whose 52 known pieces are includedWilliam Byrd, Peter Philips and Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, as well as many others; there are more than separate pieces.