The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child. : Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (): Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Tufail, Lenn Evan Goodman: Books. Although Ibn Tufayl’s philosophical tale Hayy ibn Yaqzan is one of the most famous medieval Arabic stories to reach the West, precious little is known about the.

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Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

Eventually, he developed blood vessels and nerves and the rest of the organs and burst out of the patch of fermented earth where he grew, so that he could be found crying by the doe. Setting the story on a generic island at an unspecified time helps establish this universality. He tries, after a fateful visit, to convey these insights to others, with disappointing results.

By the age of 42, Hayy is able to have a direct experience of God and devotes the rest of his life in retreat from the physical world. Asaal is a practicing Muslim brought up in the third stage of the Abrahamic faith. The things that generate and decay are plants and animals, and the things that do not are everything else, from rocks to water. Rudyard Kipling’s Mowgli in The Jungle Book, is a feral child raised by benign jungle animals in the recesses of India, the one country where reports of feral children were most numerous.

Darkness, on the other hand, represents evil and ignorance. He concluded they could not by conducting a thought experiment. Jackson It required considerable ingenuity, as well as philosophical and theological rigour to harmonise religion with philosophy, and one of the first to engage in this labour was al-Farabi. Historically, this book is the mainspring to the field of natural law that Aquinas later devoted his life to.


Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: A Philosophical Tale, Tufayl, Goodman

Ibn-Tufayl was a 12th century philosopher living in Andalusia, or Medieval Spain. Eventually Absal encounters Hayy Ibn Yaqzan on the island, and though both initially fearful of the other, wind up becoming friends.

Hayy was thinking abstractly. Marifa, intuitive knowledge, is not, so far as Kant is concerned, knowledge at all. Ibn Tufayl insisted upon the equivalence of philosophy and religion. Imagination too can apprehend only things with length, breadth and depth.


Similarly, Hayy surmises that the human has three fates open to him. Also he keeps his body immaculately clean because the stars are luminous and untaintedmoves in Sufi-like circular motions to imitate orbitsand fixes his mind on the Necessarily Existent Being. Wartick -“Always Have a Reason”. He began also to fashion spears and other primitive weapons, and used them to uaqzan himself from the beasts, noting that he had better hands than the rest of them.

Tylor Standley Questioning Christian. Email required Address never made public. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. The book is far-fetched in thinking that it does not take a village to raise a child, just a roe and God-given intellect.

Hayy ibn Yaqdhan – Wikipedia

In this story, the infant of a royal family is cast away at sea but is miraculously delivered to an island refuge where he is raised by a deer. Yet, his critique is not leveled against the masses only. He then began to ponder upon himself, what means of which he came to know this being, if not through reason or imagination. He travelled to Syria and Palestine, and made a pilgrimage to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.


If the universe indeed sprang up Ex-nihilo, then it could not have created itself, but must have had an immaterial cause in order to bring matter into existence.

And so Absal and Hayy continue to discuss what they know and what they have seen, and Absal tells him about the many that are back on his home island that follow this religion and are blind to the truth.

That in order for a city yaqzaan be ideal, it had to help the most of its citizens achieve happiness, and their own perfection. Click here to sign up. This is how he understood the idea of the Active Intellect sending forms. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Hayy sees fire as a symbol of the inner fire or warmth that animates living things, the inner life-source. However, one survival tale does attempt to address some deeper issues, but in doing iibn must sacrifice the device of feralness.

Nothing New Under the Sun

The infant Hayy is discovered and nurtured by a doe, fed on doe’s milk. Next he did the same with plants.

Ibn Tufayl compared the path of Divine Revelation with the path of Ign “fitrah” innate knowledge of right and wrong and thereby illuminated and rationalized the Abrahamic faiths. This is the philosophical tale Hayy ibn Yaqzan, named after the hero of this story and written by the Muslim philosopher Ibn Tufayl