The Jominy end quench test. Introduction: The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a.

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Boron can therefore only affect the hardenability of steels if it is in solution. A high hardenability is required for through hardening of large components. High hardness occurs where high volume fractions of martensite develop. The indentor is either a conical diamond pyramid, or a hardened steel ball.

Slower cooling rates occur at the core of larger components, compared to the faster cooling rate at the surface. After quenching the hardness profile is measured at intervals from the quenched end after the surface has been ground back to remove any effects of decarburisation 0.

Steels with high hardenability are needed for large high strength components, such as large extruder screws for injection moulding of polymers, pistons for rock breakers, mine shaft supports, aircraft undercarriages, and also for small high precision components such as die-casting moulds, drills and presses for stamping coins.

The solubility of the elements varies between the different phases, and the interface between the growing phase cannot move without diffusion of the slowly moving elements.

The Jominy End Quench Test

James Marrow and Dave Hudson. It is typically used with lower carbon steels. Effects of alloying and microstructure Example Jominy end quench test data Heat flow simulation Quench test simulation Summary Questions Going further.

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Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in an injection moulding die for a mobile phone plastic case. This results in a progressive decrease in the rate of cooling along the bar from the quenched end. These include alloying elements and grain size. The Jominy Test involves jominu a test piece from the steel 25mm diameter and mm long to an austenitising temperature and quenching from one end with a controlled and standardised jet of water.

Jomjny have three steels. The interval is typically 1. In this heat flow simulation you can adjust various parameters and observe the effect on the heat flow and cooling of the specimen.

The resultant microstructure is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility. Similar tests have been developed in other countries, such as the SAC test, which uses a sample quenched from all sides by immersion in water.

For example, the cooling rate at a distance of 9.

The retardation is due to the need for redistribution of the alloying elements during the diffusional phase jomijy from austenite to ferrite and pearlite. It’s important to use the correct conversion chart for different materials, since the hardness test causes plastic strain, and therefore varies with the strain hardening properties of the material.

The Jominy End Quench Test

The Rockwell test is commonly used in the USA. The hardness variation along the test surface is a result of microstructural variation which arises since the cooling rate decreases with distance from the quenched end.

A jet of water emerges from the cone at the bottom, to touch the lower end of the sample. This method of increasing the hardenability is rarely used since substantial increases in hardenability require large austenite grain size, obtained through high austenitisation temperatures. The simulation ignores the effect of heat loss from the sides of the specimen, i.

DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

This cools the specimen from one end, simulating the effect of quenching a larger steel component in water. Select the plot of hardness variation along the test specimen that best describes their behaviour.


The data is shown as Vickers and Rockwell hardness. The Rockwell hardness of a metal can also be determined using a similar technique. Data from the Jominy end quench test can be used to determine whether a particular steel can be sufficiently hardened in different quenching media, for different section diameters.

Jominy End Quench Test

If the intention is to produce a martensitic structure, then the constituents of the steel must be such that the phase is obtained over the depth required. This alternative longer video clip contributed by Oxford Brookes University shows both the transfer of the sample from furnace to Jominy machine, and the jet spraying one end of the sample. The effect of boron is also independent of the amount of boron, provided sufficient is added, and the effect of boron is greatest at lower carbon contents.

Three medium carbon steels 0. Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the jomlny levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a tool for high speed milling of steel components. The nucleation of ferrite and pearlite occurs at heterogeneous nucleation sites such as the austenite grain boundaries.

For example, any video clips and answers to questions qunch missing. Ferrite and pearlite are formed where the cooling rate is slower. The graph below gives the Jominy end quench data in terms of the Rockwell hardness number. The initial red-hot state represents the austenitic condition and the subsequent cooling results in a variety of transformations that depend on the chemical composition of the steel.

Take a sample from the furnace and place it on the Jominy test fixtures and observe the cooling pattern.