PDF | The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is a book written by Sir Fredrick Lugard (the first colonial Governor General of Nigeria). It forms or constructs. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January – 11 April ), known as Sir Frederick Lugard . Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in and discussed indirect. Born to an English family in India in , Frederick Lugard rose to His The Dual Mandate, first published in , became a handbook for all.

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Such arrangement in which imperial orders were disguised as those of the chiefs ensured quick compliance by the people. This is akin to medical diagnosis and the overall essence of the ‘glance’ or the ‘suzerainity of the gaze” which simply exercises its rights of origin over truth Foucault The created rulers, the so-called “warrant chiefs,” lacked legitimacy and their attempts to exercise political authority in Igboland gave rise to deep resentment against them.

With this new status as a referent, a nominalisation can give the impression that what it expresses is a recognised pie e of lorf for atio eual, hose alidity is eyo d dispute Do i g a d Lo ke.

He was present at Lokoja and read the proclamation that established the protectorate on 1 January Skip to main content. Similarly, Lugard’s gaze socially pathologizes certain races in Africa with some authority. The historical encounter between the colonialist and the colonized is real but where the issue dial construction occurs is through the sort of discourse built around the encounter.

Dual Mandate, Africa

Can luugard subaltern speak? The power of the gaze comes with the potency of surveillance which accords power to the former. The data is analyzed using critical discourse analysis to demystify and unravel the mask of objectivity and the ideological significance of the style involved in the text.


The finer negro races, among whom are included the group of tribes known as the Bantus, have no doubt in prehistoric times assimilated alien blood, which has differentiated them from the aboriginal negro type…… The skull and forehead are better developed, and the thick lips, the bridgeless nose, and the prognathous jaw are less pronounced than in the more archaic type.

Said9 argues that neither imperialism nor colonialism is a simple act of lugadr and acquisition. The recurrent linguistic association of savagery with the Lugxrd, for example, may lead to the belief in the veracity of the notion. The series of intermittent armed clashes that took place up to mid is known as the Karonga Waror sometimes the Arab War. Language as ideology 2nd ed. It is regarded as “the most influential book on colonial affairs in the whole inter-war period” Hetherington4 and the “staple diet of reading in colonial administration for young cadet officers” Lee43 both quoted in Doty Massachusetts Review, 18, Anand, D.

This all depends upon the structuring of a discursive field. Similarly, Hodge and Kresssee the process as the absorption of the attributive model into the transactive i. The dual mandate in British tropical Africa 5th ed.

Referring to African nations as ‘dependencies’ and ‘protectorates’ captures the image and relationship in the aspect of infantilization and its equal mandaye which is patriarchization. Similarly, Lugard denies the Africans the ability to evolve a religion.

Indirect Rule in Southeastern Nigeria, — While administering Uganda, he journeyed round the Rwenzori Mountains to Lake Edwardmapping a large area of the country. The use of an ethnographic simple present may align the production of that kind of discourse lodr certain authoritative stance in dealing with the objects of the discourse and in how the discourse is consumed.

Full text of “The dual mandate in British tropical Africa”

Generally speaking this repression can take two forms: Thus, they lacked the authoritarianism of the northern emirs. Lugard sees the physical nature of the blacks and its shades and hues of color in direct correlation with their intellectual and organizational advancement. The denial of history could be attributable to the exigencies of colonialism.


Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. Lugard believed that, at the grassroots, traditional authority would constitute an effective instrument in enforcing colonial policies, administrating justice in local disputes, maintaining law and order, and collecting taxes. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.

Apart from the absence of modality mentioned above, the ethnographic simple present tense lends itself to making constructions that freeze societies and contain assumptions that make objects and their attributes repetitive, predictable, timeless and conservative Fabian It clearly makes a case for control.

Analyzing the construction of the character of a subaltern as predictable and timeless through the use of an ethnographic present tense, for instance, contributes to a higher level colonial ideology of imperial superiority and the need for the conquest of the subaltern.

Secondly, he argued that Britain practiced a beneficent regime that taught Africans the value of freedom and liberty, hence their desire for independence. Quite in consonance with the Lacanian other and the gaze of the child, the colonial subject gains their identity and image from the mirror held by colonial discourse and authority.

They thought that the basis of the legitimacy of both the missionizing activities of the evangelists and the imperializing activities of the administrators was to be found in their claim that they were the purveyors and embodiments of a superior civilization.