Abstract. Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is an invasive pest of horticultural and agricultural crops worldwide. Name: Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). Synonyms: Phenacoccus hirsutus Green. Taxonomic position: Insecta: Hemiptera: Homoptera: Pseudococcidae. General information about Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI).
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Development, Reproduction, and Phenology. Williams summarizes records of damage caused by M. Federal, state, and regional plant protection organizations may implement formal monitoring for this pest in regions where it does not occur.
This process leads to the malformation of leaves and fruit, as well as stunted leaves and terminal growth, which is commonly called “bunchy top” fig.
Dispersal is by walking, adhering to animals or being wind-borne as well by transferred infested plant parts. Insecticides registered for mealybugs general on ornamental plants in the United States. By comparison, infestation in Puerto Rico was under successful biological control, which led to reduced crop injury and avoided significant economic losses Michaud Social Impact Top of page In Grenada, where the hirsutys remained unchecked for over a year, the mealybug extensively devastated amenity plantings and landscaped gardens in hotels, resulting in serious losses to the tourist industry and people employed therein; cash crops also produced little or no return for years, which impacted on farming income and agricultural trade Peters and Watson, Assessment of loss in yield of seeds of hirsuths Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Or they remain on the trees in a dried and shriveled condition, of little value. The life cycle has been studied in India Mani, On hibiscus, the mealybug usually infests young twigs, causing deformed terminal growth due to shortening of the internodes, deformed leaves and thickened twigs. New pest problems on fruit crops in Punjab. Meyerdirk, ; Kairo et al.
Agricultural commerce is also responsible for the pest’s spread. It is covered by sparse white wax which extends to the ovisac.
Damage is due to sucking plant constituents, injecting toxic saliva and to excreting honeydew which is colonized by sootymold.
Various stages in the life cycle of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green. Retrieved from ” https: It has been found that damage to a territory newly invaded by M. Effect of wax degrading bacteria on life cycle of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Maconellococcus Hemiptera: Persad and Khan —whole plants. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Title Field infestation Caption Maconellicoccus hirsutus pink hibiscus mealybug ; field infestation.
Pseudococcidae in Californian vineyards. Identification of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green Hemiptera: In highly susceptible plants, even brief probing of unexpanded leaves by crawlers causes severe crumpling of the leaves when they subsequently expand, while established infestation can cause total defoliation and even death of the whole plant.
Numerous natural enemies of M. The spread of Hirustus.
Science and Culture, 46 7: Email alerts New issue alert. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. The severe distortion of new growth caused by the mealybug on many hosts, creates a microhabitat for them Ghose, a ; Beardsley, Adult female arrow and offspring of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Green. Posterior tufts of cotton-like waxy deposits are often present.
Pseudococcidae Introduction – Distribution – Description and Life Cycle – Damage – Biological Control – Selected References Introduction Back to Top The pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutusis a serious pest of many plants in tropical and subtropical regions, including Africa, southeast Asia, and northern Australia. Transport services as an aid to insect dispersal in the South Pacific.
Chemical management of M. Male catches in pheromone traps are correlated to results from visual inspection and damage in other mealybug species e.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI)[Overview]| EPPO Global Database
Pictures of pink hibiscus mealybug. The most susceptible stages are the crawlers, which lack wax coverings.
Australian Journal of Entomology, 39 3: View large Download slide. These parasitoids will be evaluated for their host specificity and may be released when more is known about their biology. Three natural enemy species are used in mxconellicoccus biological control programs against M. Classical biological control of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Greenin southern California. The pink hibiscus mealybug is a good candidate for classical biological control.
Summary of activities associated with Maconellicoccus hirsutus in St Lucia. Photo credits Lyle Buss, University of Florida.
A brief account of the hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus Hemiptera: International Pest Control, 42 5: Antennae with 9 segments, body with several pairs of cerarii and oral rim ducts that are scattered all over the body except the legs. In its egg stage, the hibiscus mealybug disperses most easily by wind. Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Wufeng,